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what is plastic made of

How is Plastic Made?

  • Extraction of Raw M aterials. As mentioned above, the vast majority of plastic produced is made of fossil fuels. …
  • Refinement. Fossil fuels are sent to refineries where they are converted into different petroleum products, such as gasoline, asphalt, jet fuel, waxes, and lubricating oils.
  • Cracking. …
  • Polymerization. …
  • Plastic Fabrication. …

What four things is plastic made of?

Some common products made from these other types of plastic include:EyeglassesPLA compostable cupsBulk food containersFiberglass piping

What are some of the materials used to make plastic?

Where’s the Plastic In Your Life?Baby wipes and diapers. …Feminine hygiene products. …Wrapping paper is often a mix of plant fibers and laminated plastic. …Chewing gum. …Cigarette filters contain cellulose acetate,a form of plastic.Glues,including school glue and wood glue,contain polyvinyl acetate,a type of plastic. …Coffee cups. …

What raw materials are needed to make plastic?

SiliconPolystyrene (PS)Polyethylene (PE)Polycarbonate (PC)Polyurethane (PU)Polyester (PES)Phenol-Formaldehyde (PF)Nylon or Polyimides (PA)Melamine Formaldehyde (MF)Polyvinyl Chloride (PVC)More items…

What is plastic and where does it come from?

Plastics are composed of elements such as carbon, hydrogen, oxygen, nitrogen, chlorine, or sulphur. Each molecule of a piece of plastic consists of thousands of atoms bonded together which gives it a high molecular mass. Plastic is made from natural products such as crude oil, cellulose, natural gas, coal, and salt among others.