Top 3 Takeaways
- Plastics are made from raw materials like natural gas, oil or plants, which are refined into ethane and propane.
- Ethane and propane are then treated with heat in a process called “cracking” which turns them into ethylene and propylene.
- These materials are combined together to create different polymers.
What raw materials are needed to make plastic?
SiliconPolystyrene (PS)Polyethylene (PE)Polycarbonate (PC)Polyurethane (PU)Polyester (PES)Phenol-Formaldehyde (PF)Nylon or Polyimides (PA)Melamine Formaldehyde (MF)Polyvinyl Chloride (PVC)More items…
Where did all of the plastic come from?
All plastics, however, are derived from oils or other polymers that appear in nature. In most cases, plastics are derived from by-products of natural gas or crude oil. These source compounds are referred to in the plastic industry as feedstocks. The complex processes used to create most modern plastics involve chemical reactions used to alter …
Where is the plastic in the ocean coming from?
How much total plastic waste is generated by countryHow much plastic waste is generated by coastal populations – this is plastic which is most at risk of entering the oceanHow much of coastal plastic waste is mismanaged (open,dumped or not enclosed) and can therefore enter waterways.
Where did the word plastic come from?
The word plastic or plastics comes from the Greek word plastikos, meaning “to grow or to form. The word was used first as an adjective meaning formative” (capable of being deformed without rupture), then it began to be used as a noun. Like paper and glass, plastic is the product of a complex process. Plastics are polymers.